He could have, but he chose not to. Instead, he reacted with offense. For as long as Jehoiada lived, he continued to instruct and mentor Joash. Ask your mate what he or she thinks, then prayerfully consider the answer. The names of Kafnai and his son Haninai, who were Exilarchs in the second half of the 6th century, have been preserved. But the two best known were both kings and their timelinesoverlapped by two years. 9:30). Joash the king of Israel reigned from 798-782 BC. He was a descendant of King David through Zerubbabel (1 Chronicles 3:21). Jezebel's death, however, was more dramatic than Ahab's. While Joash lay on his bed wounded, they killed him. His greatest achievement asking was repairing the temple. But they react differently when they do not get it. The southern kingdom of Judah was being ruled by his descendants, while the . 22:17). Their indomitable self-will which has never been surrendered to God will seldom give in to those around them. Throughout the tangled history of Israel and Judahs kings and kingdoms, God did indeed work in mysterious ways. A advice to you Michel do not use as source of anything that has been . Joash/Jehoash had at least two wives (2 Chronicles 24:3-4). ; Mic. This is what the LORD says: 'Record this man as if he is childless, a man who will not prosper in his lifetime, for none of his offspring will prosper, none of them will sit on the throne of David or rule in Judah anymore.Jeremiah 22:30, NIV, Warren W. Wiersbe -The Wiersbe Bible Commentary: The Complete Old Testament - 2007 p. 1497 "Zerubbabel was the grandson of King Jehoiachin (Jeconiah, Matt. 144 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<23A5839CF278C442B7A08A0DCFA6EFCE>]/Index[126 45]/Info 125 0 R/Length 90/Prev 58181/Root 127 0 R/Size 171/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream They believe that they are right and others are wrong, and they are determined to have everything their way. All subsequent kings in both the ancient first united Kingdom of Israel and the later Kingdom of Judah claimed direct descent from King David to validate their claim to the throne in order to rule over the Israelite tribes. %%EOF 21:6). Jehu, the captain of Israels army, was to be the instrument of divine discipline in her case. Accounts of the life of Athaliah are to be found in 2 Kings 8:16-11:16 and 2 Chronicles 22:10-23:15. Ahaziah king of Judah reigned for one year, while Ahaziah king of Israel reigned for two years. Ahab's contribution was estimated at 2000 chariots and 10,000 men. He didnt need to listen. So Jehu wrote letters and sent them to Samaria, to the rulers of the city, 1 to the elders, and to q the guardians of the sons 2 of Ahab, saying, 2 "Now then, as soon as this letter comes to you, seeing your master's sons are with you, and there are with you chariots and horses, fortified cities also, and . The first step to victory is simply to admit that continually demanding our own way is disobedience to Gods Word, and therefore sin. So Ahab came into his house sullen and vexed because of the word which Naboth the Jezreelite had spoken to him . And he lay down on his bed and turned away his face and ate no food (1 Kgs. | He . In times of crisis such as famine, they slashed themselves and even sacrificed their children to appease the gods and implore their help. Ahab, and Jehu, but the southern kingdom of Judah, which is said to be a descendant of David, was independent A widely spread traditional Christian interpretation relates the non-continuation of the main Davidic line from Solomon to the godlessness of the line of Jehoiachin which started in the early 500s BC, when Jeremiah cursed the main branch of the Solomonic line, by saying that no descendant of "[Je]Coniah" would ever reign on the throne of Israel again (Jeremiah 22:30). x. Among the families of the "Sons of the Free" are the families of Abravanel and Benveniste. God desires us to seek Him for the choices we make. The account of Joash is a piece in an even bigger story of Gods faithfulness to His promises. One of Hasan's descendants Solomon ben Azariah ha-Nasi settled in Aleppo were the family became Dayan's (judges) of the city and thus adopted the surname Dayan. She is a contributing writer for a variety of magazines and online sites. [1 Kings 16:29-34] The Hebrew Bible presents Ahab as a wicked king . Ahab and Jezebel also had a daughter, Athaliah, and she married another man named Jehoram, the son of Jehoshaphat, king of the southern kingdom of Judah. A man will do strange things when he is taunted and ridiculed by his wife. Solomon had 700 wives and 300 concubines (1 Kings 11:2-3). We sometimes say with tongue in cheek, God works in mysterious ways. This was true for the boy-king Joash of the royal line of Judah. According to some Islamic sources, some of the Jewish settlers in Arabia were of the Davidic line, Mohammad-Baqer Majlesi recorded: "A Jewish man from the Davidic line entered Medina and found the people in deep sorrow. 1:12; Coniah, Jer. God does what He says He will because He is Who He claims to be. And he walked in the way of the kings of Israel, just as the house of Ahab did (for Ahabs daughter was his wife), and he did evil in the sight of the Lord (2 Chron. One Christian interpretation of the Davidic line counts the line as continuing to Jesus son of Joseph, according to the genealogies which are written in Matthew 1:1-16 descendants of Solomon and Luke 3:23-38 descendants of Nathan son of David through the line of Mary. He wants to conquer them with His love. Jezebel had grown up steeped in the worship of Baal and his female consort, Astarte (or Ashtoreth). 21:7). This stubborn, headstrong, self-willed wife of Ahab brought disruption and distress to Israel for years to come. [1 Kings 16:2934] The Hebrew Bible presents Ahab as a wicked king, particularly for condoning Jezebel's influence on religious policies and his principal role behind Naboth's arbitrary execution. Joash's murderous grandmother, Athaliah was the daughter of the infamous Israelite pair, King Ahab and Jezebel. The Northing Kingdom had 9 ruling dynasties while the Southern Kingdom was ruled only be the descendants of King David. With the ever-present menace of Syria and the growing threat of Assyria, Ahab decided that he needed an alliance with this neighboring nation, so he made a treaty with the king of Phoenicia and sealed it by marrying his daughter. Talmudic literature represents him as an enthusiastic idolater who left no hilltop in the Land of Israel without an idol before which he bowed, and to which he or his wife, Jezebel, brought his weight in gold as a daily offering. The existence of Ahab is historically supported outside the Bible. After Solomon's death, the ten northern tribes rejected the Davidic line, refusing to accept Solomon's son, Rehoboam, and instead chose Jeroboam as king and formed the northern Kingdom of Israel. 1. Ahaz (Hebrew: , z, "has held"; Greek: , Akhaz; Latin: Achaz) an abbreviation of Jehoahaz II (of Judah), "Yahweh has held" (Hebrew: , Modern: Yh'aaz, Tiberian: Yh'z; Akkadian: Ya'azi [ia--a-zi]) was the twelfth king of Judah, and the son and successor of Jotham. 2. Jehu's name, meaning "Yahweh is he," portrays well . 2:25, Heb. R. xiv). Jezebel outlived him by almost fourteen years. And this is often the saddest side effect of lives like Ahabs and Jezebels. Proud member Jehoram ( Hebrew: Yhrm; also Joram) was the ninth king of the northern Kingdom of Israel ( 2 Kings 8:16, 2 Kings 8:25-28 ). The Kings of Judah were the monarchs who ruled over the ancient Kingdom of Judah.According to the biblical account, this kingdom was founded after the death of Saul, when the tribe of Judah elevated David to rule over it. Ahab , Jehoshaphat's contemporary, was the son of Omri who usurped the throne and founded the third dynasty of Israel. The New Testament provides two accounts of the genealogy of Jesus, one in the Gospel of Matthew and another in the Gospel of Luke.  Even so, as for David and his immediate descendants themselves, the position of some scholars, as described by Israel Finkelstein and Neil Silberman, authors of The Bible Unearthed, espouses that David and Solomon may well be based on "certain historical kernels", and probably did exist in their own right, but their historical counterparts simply could not have ruled over a wealthy lavish empire as described in the Bible, and were more likely chieftains of a comparatively modest Israelite society in Judah and not regents over a kingdom proper.. Luke twice intimates Mary's descent from David: first in the words of the angel to Mary (1:32), and again in recording that Mary went to register in the city of David (2:5).  Hai Gaon was the son of Sherira Gaon, who claimed descent from Rabbah b. Abuha, who belonged to the family of the exilarch, thereby claiming descent from the Davidic line. Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like Baal worship was introduced by Omri., Every living descendant of Jeroboam was killed by Baasha., Asa sternly and aggressively attacked the immorality and idolatry in Judah. 180 et seq.).  The Messiah is often referred to as "King Messiah", or, in Hebrew, (melekh mashiach), and, in Aramaic, malka meshia. But Ahabs self-will becomes even more evident in an incident involving the king and his vegetable garden. Jeroboam I was not from the line of David. Choose carefully what andwho you allow to influence you. We have compiled these articles to help you study those whom God chose to set before us as examples in His Word. And his mothers name was Athaliah, the granddaughter of Onui. She slaughtered all the royal heirs, or so she thought. But go back to Ahab and his vegetable garden for a moment. (John 14:17). In the end, "there was never anyone like Ahab, who sold . Whenever Gods people leave a crack open to sin inevitably that sliver allows Satan to sneak his temptations inside. There are a few points that stand out in the, Terror on Every Side! 10 Now Ahab had seventy sons in p Samaria. Instead of letting the love and graciousness of Jesus Christ control us, our sinful natures take over and we go into our rage routine or sulk syndrome, whichever it is with us. , Orthodox views have generally held that the Messiah will be a patrilineal descendant of King David, and will gather the Jews back into the Land of Israel, usher in an era of peace, build the Third Temple, father a male heir, re-institute the Sanhedrin, and so on. So he served Baal and worshiped him and provoked the Lord God of Israel to anger according to all that his father had done (1 Kgs. His great kingdom, enlarged and more richly endowed by his son Solomon, had been fractured into two weakened fragments. According to scholars within Orthodox Judaism, this is considered to have contributed to their downfall and the eventual downfall of Judea; internal strife allowing for Roman occupation and the violent installation of Herod the Great as client king over the Roman province of Judea; and the subsequent destruction of the Second Temple by the future Emperor Titus. The Hasmoneans, who established their own monarchy in Judea in the 2nd century BCE, were not considered connected to the Davidic line nor to the Tribe of Judah. Athaliahs bloody killing spree missed one heir. The highest official of Babylonian Jewry was the exilarch (Reish Galuta, "Head of the Diaspora").  He was later succeeded by his son, Solomon. Male descendants of King David ruled Israel until the Babylonians conquered Jerusalem in 597 BCE, and Jews scattered. i. Ask him to help you. In 2005, another Dayan, Rabbi Yosef Dayan, was recognized by the nascent Sanhedrin as a direct descendant of King David and, as such, a candidate to re-establish the Davidic Dynasty. The Beginner's Guide. The Bible records his rise to power in 1 Kings 11:26-14:20. God only knows how many generations will be affected by our sinful self-will, our insistence on having things our way instead of Gods. On his father's side, Rashi has been claimed to be a 33rd-generation descendant of Johanan HaSandlar, who was a fourth-generation descendant of Gamaliel, who was reputedly descended from the Davidic line. We have choices. Mar Ahunai lived in the period succeeding Mar Zutra II, but for almost fifty years after the failed revolt he did not dare to appear in public, and it is not known whether even then (c.550) he really acted as Exilarch. Sanh. Jeroboam I was the first king of the northern kingdom of Israel, which included ten (ish) of Israel's twelve tribes. Accept godly reproval. Together they hid the child and his nurse for six years in the temple. And the king listened to them (2 Chron. Maybe the husband will not let his wife buy something she thinks she has a right to have, or the wife prepares an absolutely terrible dinner on the very day hubby is expecting his favorite dish. Joashs murderous grandmother, Athaliah was the daughter of the infamous Israelite pair, King Ahab and Jezebel. Israel would be scattered on the mountains like sheep without a shepherd (1 Kgs. And it slowly but surely eats away at our relationship. King Ahab was justly judged by God because he disobeyed the Lord's direct commands, he abused his responsibility as Israel's king, and he led God's people right into idolatry. Verse 1. , In Jewish eschatology, the term mashiach, or "Messiah", came to refer to a future Jewish king from the Davidic line, who is expected to be anointed with holy anointing oil and rule the Jewish people during the Messianic Age. xv. She knew what was about to happen, but she was going to die like a queen, arrogant, self-willed and unrepentant to the end. Ahab whose name means 'the Father is my brother', i.e. She swore in her rage that she would kill Elijah, and he ran for his life, collapsed in the wilderness under a juniper tree, and pleaded with God to let him die. Athaliah married King Joram, son of Judahs King Jehoshaphat. . Jezebel was fanatical about her religion. They gave him the copy of the law which was to remain a guide for him as ruler, clapped their hands, and shouted, Long live the king!. 3. I suppose everyone has a few relatives in their closet theyd like to keep the door shut on, but Joash came from a long line of notoriously wicked people. They had a special economic and social status in the Jewish community, and they were close to their respective governments, some serving as advisers and tax collectors/finance ministers.  The patriarch of the Meisels family, Yitskhak Eizik Meisels, was an alleged 10th generation descendant of the Exilarch, Mar Ukba. All the latter turned from idolaters into worshipers of the God of Israel (Tanna debe Eliyahu, i. The first was Ahaziah. (1958 More. He is also the namesake of Captain Ahab in Moby Dick by Herman Melville. Ahaziah was twenty-two years old when he became king, and he reigned one year in Jerusalem. With unyielding obstinacy they keep demanding their own way and looking for every possible means and method of doing or having what they want. Joashs departure from God eventually brought judgment on him. How can a wife increase her respect for her husband? God is faithful to do what He promises. [a] Ahab lived in Samaria, the royal capital established by Omri, and built a temple and altar to Baal there. Her time as queen is nestled amid centuries of evil monarchs who reigned over . Captains and their soldiers, guards, and runners provided security. Secondly, since Jesus was David's lawful fleshly Son [literal descendant of David], this same throne shall once more become His right by inheritance, continuing David's dynasty.  The Jewish banking family Louis Cahen d'Anvers claimed descent from the Davidic Line Rabbi Yosef Dayan, who is a modern-day claimant to the Davidic throne in Israel and the founder of the Monarchist party Malchut Israel, descends from the Dayan family of Aleppo, who paternally descend from Hasan ben Zakkai, the younger brother of the Exilarch David I (d. 940). Ahab, also spelled Achab, (flourished 9th century bce), seventh king of the northern kingdom of Israel (reigned 874-c. 853 bce), according to the Bible, and son of King Omri. While Joash had godly influences around him, he chose wisely and served well. Jehoram was the last of Ahab and Jezebel's children to be king over Israel. But Elijah was the only one courageous enough to stand up openly against Jezebels wickedness. But Jezebel was not finished with her sinister work. In David's time, the capital probably served as little more than a formidable citadel, and the Davidic "kingdom" was most likely closer to a loosely-confederated regional polity, albeit a relatively substantial one. 29). This shocking story ought to provide the incentive we need to put off every remnant of self-will and yield ourselves fully to do the will of God. The southern kingdom of Judah, if not actually . Sidonians was another name for the Phoenicians, that seafaring people on the Mediterranean coast who occupied the great cities of Tyre and Sidon. He had the dubious distinction of being the most wicked king who reigned over Israel up until his day. The trouble often starts when our mates infringe upon our inviolable rights. 102b; Yer. Naboth declined the offer, just as he should have done, for God had forbidden the Jews to sell their paternal inheritance (Lev. Like Manasseh, he was made a type of repentance (I Kings, xxi. Yoash is a descendant of Ahab but he is also the only surviving royal heir of David. hbbd``b`:$ @H3@8 bnqA:w`Ab@bA&F^@^ Kv X 2 Kings 11:1. Joash did right in Gods eyes for as long as Jehoiada lived, but he allowed sacrifices and burned incense in places God did not honor. And the evil influence lived on! 11a), ruler over the whole world. He enquired the people, 'What is wrong?' Enjoyed this article? , In 2012, The Jerusalem Post reported that philanthropist Susan Roth created Davidic Dynasty as subsidiary of her Eshet Chayil Foundation, dedicated to finding, databasing, and connecting Davidic descendants and running the King David Legacy Center in Jerusalem. , Ahab became king of Israel in the thirty-eighth year of King Asa of Judah, and reigned for twenty-two years, according to 1 Kings. A family tree centred on King Jehoshaphat is included below. They each ruled their own kingdom and their reigns even overlapped. Joash/Jehoash: Ahaziah king of Judah and Jehoahaz king of Israel each had a son with this name who became king after them. Talk to the Lord about it. We discover how thoroughly this weak and wicked man was dominated by his overbearing wife when she said, Arise, eat bread, and let your heart be joyful; I will give you the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite (1 Kgs. Joram did evil in the sight of the Lord (2 Chronicles 21:6). SBL Academia Biblica 12. 6. The Cross And Our Response to Trials (1 Peter 4:12-19), 8. Jehu killed Jehoram and Jezebel . Family trees. He wanted another opinion: Is there not yet a prophet of the Lord here, that we may inquire of him? (1 Kgs. This article is part of our People from the Bible Series featuring the most well-known historical names and figures from Scripture. Shortly after his marriage to Jezebel, Ahab not only beautified the palace at Samaria so that it came to be called the ivory house (1 Kgs. Jesus would come to establish His eternal kingdom and it would be through the line of David. Have you both yielded yourselves to Christ as Lord of your lives and are you willing to let Him make the changes necessary to improve your relationship with each other?